The ''Central Intelligence Service" (KYP) was founded by Legislative Decree 2421/1953, following the western models. By Law 1645/1986 KYP was renamed and substantially re-established as the "National Intelligence Service "(EYP).
Collects and provides intelligence and data, compiles evaluations, and submits recommendations to the Prime Minister and the relevant competent Ministers on the prevention or the deterrence of threats against national security or the democratic regime, as well as the protection of the State’s national interests.
Seeks, collects, processes and provides intelligence within the context of the above mentioned paragraph, mainly on matters concerning the activities of terrorist organizations or other organized crime groups in the fields of trafficking of humans, weapons, drugs, human organs or prohibited substances, especially nuclear, radiobiological and chemical (NRBC), as well as on matters relating to money laundering.
Within the context of the Governmental Council for Foreign Affairs and Defence (KYSEA) decisions, coordinates the activities of the State’s Intelligence & Security Services in the field of collection and dissemination of intelligence relating to its mission. At the same time, EYP cooperates with and informs the Military Intelligence Directorate (DDSP) and the Intelligence Services of the Branches/Staffs supervised thereby, on matters of their competences.
Confronts espionage activities against the State.
Provides the State’s competent crisis management bodies with all necessary information in order to assist their mission.
Provides the competent bodies of the Ministry of National Defence, within the framework of its authority, with intelligence support, necessary for the operational planning by the National Defence General Staff.
Cooperates with respective foreign Services and international organizations for a more effective performance of its duties.
Based on the intelligence available, compiles intelligence bulletins and reports which it forwards accordingly to competent authorities.
Constitutes an Information Security Technical Authority (INFOSEC) and provides, pursuant to the provisions of art. 2 (4) of Presidential Decree 325/2003 (Government Gazette 273 A’), for the security of national communications and information technology (IT) systems, as well as for the certification of national telecommunications material. The certification is realized through the payment of a deposit the amount of which is determined by joint decision of the Ministers of Public Order and Citizen Protection and Economy & Finance.
Is appointed as the National Authority against electronic threats, dealing with electronic attacks against communication networks, information storage facilities and computer systems, pursuant to the provisions of art.2 (3) of the Presidential Decree 325/2003.
According to the Law 3649/2008, EYP’s mission – always within the framework of the Constitution and Legislation – is the quest for collection, processing and disclosure of intelligence to all competent authorities, relating to:
The protection and promotion of the political, financial, military and – generally – the State’s national strategic interests
The prevention and confrontation of activities constituting a threat against the democratic regime, fundamental human rights, the territorial integrity and national security of the Greek State, as well as national wealth
The prevention and confrontation of the activities of terrorist organizations and other groups of organized crime.
At times of war, mobilization or direct threat against national security, EYP is subordinate to the Head of the National Defence General Staff who, through EYP’s Director General, exercises full control over all matters relating to the Service’s contribution towards the defence and security of the State. In the event of any action aiming to violently abolish the democratic regime, EYP, by decision of the Governmental Council for Foreign Affairs and Defence (KYSEA), operates as a central service for the management of all State Intelligence
Article 14 (3) of law 3649/2008 defines the publication of classified documents or data relating to the status of EYP's employees, as a statutory crime. In addition, according to article 17 (5), the deeds of appointment, reassignment, transfer and any other official change of any nature or category, relating to EYP's personnel, is not published in the Government Gazette.
EYP is excluded from the process of recruitment of personnel via ASEP (i.e. the Supreme Council for the recruitment of personnel) (Law 2190/94, article 14, par.2e). The process of recruitment of personnel in EYP, till the publication of the new Presidential Decree, takes place pursuant to article 39 of Presidential Decree 360/92, as follows: Job openings in EYP are announced by branch and category, the qualifications required for the nomination included. The way of notification of the proclamation is determined by decision of the Minister of Public Order and Citizen Protection. The choice of the candidates is realised by a three-member committee.
EYP, in the context of its mission, cooperates closely with other Greek and foreign Intelligence and Security Services.
EYP collaborates mainly with the following Greek services:
1. The Military Intelligence Directorate (D.D.S.P.) and intelligence branches of the Staffs which are supervised by it in matters concerning its competence.
2. The Directorate of State Security (D.I.K.A.) of the Ministry of Public Order and Citizen Protection, competent about internal security.
3. The Special Violent Crime Squad (D.A.E.E.B.), which is subject to the Head of the Hellenic Police.
4. The Special Controls Service of the Ministry of Economy and Finance.
In addition, EYP cooperates with relevant foreign Services and international organizations on matters of bilateral interest.
The Authority for the Protection of Personal Data (Law 2472/1997)
The Authority for the Safeguarding of the Secrecy of Communications (Law 3115/2003)
A Public Prosecutor, specially appointed to EYP, who controls the legality of its special operational activities
EYP is also subject, via its political supervisor, Prime Minister, to parliamentary control, according to the Internal Regulation of Parliament (questions, interpellations, updated questions).
EYP is exempted from the authority of the Greek Ombudsman (Law 2477/97, article 3).
EYP, as an Intelligence Service, does not have 'executive' competences, unlike prosecuting authorities (i.e. the Police). Accordingly, it does not have the right to make remands, detentions or arrests.
Marriage with aliens is not prohibited. However, employees are obliged to notify the Service about the individual whom they are engaged or married to, according to article 46 (1g) of Presidential Decree 360/92. The same article stipulates that in the event that the Service considers the alien involved to be a threat to national security, the employee may then be transferred to another public Service.
Recipients of intelligence are the Government, the authorities and services of the State, as, primarily but not exclusively, the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, National Defense, Finances. It is obvious that EYP manages all intelligence for the profit of the State and is ready to respond to any lawful demand within the framework of its competences.
EYP appoints representatives in specific countries and assigns them duties of Liaison with corresponding Intelligence Services. The Liaison represents EYP’s Director General and is officially accredited with the mission to intervene for the promotion of the cooperation between EYP and the foreign Intelligence Service.