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Home: History - New Horizons
History

1986 – 1999: NEW HORIZONS

A further boost towards the reorganization of the Service and its adaptation to internal, as well as to external patterns, was given from 1981 and especially from 1984 onwards, with the broad modification of the composition of the Service’s personnel and the amendments of Law 1645/26-08-86. According to this Law:

  • KYP is renamed “National Intelligence Service”, a semiotic alteration, which however, characterized the new perception of its national mission, while it continues to be subordinate to the Prime Minister.. 
  • A new function and composition framework is determined[1]
  • It is defined as an independent civilian political service and the foundations are laid for the reorganization of its administrative and organizational sectors (which until then functioned under military leadership), in order to keep up with the majority of other European Intelligence Services. 
  • Work provisions are adopted for Special Civilian Scientific Personnel.
  • Uniformed personnel are reduced. 
  • An “Intelligence Council”[2]is composed with the participation of non-EYP elements[3], a fact characteristic of the importance ascribed to the role of the Service on matters of intelligence.
  • The position of Director General[4]is created, as head of the Service and its personnel, as well as positions for 1st and 2nd Deputy Directors, responsible for operational and administrative matters correspondingly, to which it is possible - for the first time ever - to appoint civilians[5] . The first non-military Director General to be appointed was K. Tsimas (deceased).


In order for a Service to become a civilian one, changes cannot take place only at the higher administrative levels, but must also be adapted at lower levels, whether operational or administrative. In this context, various alterations take place, which lead to the choices of Directors, Deputy Directors and Heads of Departments, from within the civilian, active personnel.


At the same time, the strengthening of the Service continues, through the employment of new personnel, of University and Technological training[6] , able to offer their knowledge and put their skills into practice, according to present challenges and the new international reality. 


Additionally, EYP, now free from its previous narrow military framework of cooperation with other Intelligence Services, initiates a new tactic, with the approval of the then Prime Minister, under who, as mentioned above, it is subordinate to[7]and develops cooperation with foreign Intelligence Services, within the framework of mutual briefing and prevention, on matters of common interest. Special emphasis is given towards this, after the fall of the Soviet regime and of similar regimes in neighboring countries, as new dangers which are directly connected to regional security[8]appear, since within various population groups, a resurgence of aspirations of the past is noticed, which creates unrest. New dangers are also directly linked to international security, since the first signs of the resurgence of “religious fanaticism” are now visible.


Within the framework of international developments on energy matters, EYP offered its services on the basis of its responsibilities and of current demands for the confrontation of dangers relevant to the country’s rights in this sector.


In 1992, upon the decision of the then Government[9],  , the supervision of EYP is transferred from the Prime Minister to the Minister of the Presidency and at the same time, a new Presidential Decree[10],is issued, from which derived the new Organization for the Functioning of the Service by which it still functions today, including certain amendments deriving from the Law of ‘94[11] , the Presidential Decree of 2001[12],the Presidential Decree of 2002[13] and the Presidential Decree of 2006[14].


[1]Law 1645/1986 (Official Government Gazette A’ 132).
[2]It coordinates the activities of all the Intelligence and Security Services of the State in the field of the collection and dissemination of intelligence, which relate to the responsibilities of EYP. (Law 1645/1986, Article 6).
[3]Law 1645/1986 (Article 5).
[4] Till then the first in the hierarchy of EYP, had the title of “Chief”, following the Army model.
[5]Law 1645/1986 (Article 5).
[6] Administrative Archive of EYP.
[7]Law 1645/1986 (A’ 132).
[8]It is the period when UCK begins its activity in the area of former Yugoslavia.
[9]See Law 2109/1992 (A’ 205), Article 44.
[10]Presidential Decree 360/1992, A’183.
[11]Law 2190/1994, A’28 Article 36.
[12]Presidential Decree 29/12.2.2001, Sheet No 26.
[13]Presidential Decree 255/25.09.2002, A’ 225.
[14] Presidential Decree 163/10.08.2006, A’172.

 

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